What to Know About Cervical Cancer

Cervical cancer is a prevalent issue affecting most women globally. It is the fourth most common type of cancer in women, and about 57,000 were diagnosed with cervical cancer in 2018 globally. This shows the need for early diagnosis and treatment among women of all ages. Luckily, most cancer centers are coming up. Nowadays, you will get the most cancer diagnosis and treatment clinics in your state. There’s so much to learn about cervical cancer; let’s delve in!

 Common causes of cervical cancer

Uncontrolled mutations of the aberrant cells are crucial in cervical cancer onset. Every cell in your body typically has a set lifespan. Therefore, the body produces newer cells on its own to replace old ones when a cell dies. However, aberrant cells have two issues: they don’t die rapidly and keep dividing.

The mutated cells cause a massive buildup of abnormal cells when they are created and not replaced. This causes tumor in the body that mainly develops cervical cancer. However, cervical cancer has several common causes, such as:

  1. Birth Control Pills

Despite being quite effective in preventing ovarian and womb cancers, they frequently cause cervical cancer. According to several studies, women who use certain oral contraceptives have a higher chance of developing cervical cancer.

According to Hong Kong cervical cancer screening results, women who have utilized oral contraceptive pills for over five years have a higher risk of acquiring cervical cancer pills. However, the elevated risk of cervical cancer will decline if you stop taking the drugs. 

  1. Weakened Immune System

It is accurate to say that a compromised immune system can frequently lead to cervical cancer in ladies. A robust immune system often guards against aberrant cells by eliminating them. Therefore, if your immune system is compromised, you may be more likely to have cervical cancer. Your chances of developing cervical cancer will be lower if you have routine Hong Kong cervical cancer screening.

  1. Smoking

You get exposed to various cancer-causing substances that affect your organs, particularly the lungs when you or someone close to you smokes. The lungs then take up these compounds and circulate them throughout your body by the blood. You run the chance of developing several malignancies, including cervical cancer. Smoking also hinders the immune system’s ability to combat infections. 

  1. Genetics

One prevalent cause of cervical cancer that you shouldn’t ignore is genetics. According to one study, cervical cancer can be handed down via families. Compared to women without a family history, you have an almost 2-fold increased risk of developing cervical cancer. Mostly, if your mother has been diagnosed with malignant cell or adenocarcinoma. 

Symptoms of cervical cancer

Though cervical cancer doesn’t have numerous symptoms in the early stages, in the late stage, it becomes dangerous. Once cervical cancer reaches the final step, you can see some signs. For that reason, Hong Kong Cancer Fund forums have arisen to ensure ladies seek regular cancer screening. Below are some cervical cancer symptoms you might encounter at the late stages.

Lack of urine control

The bladder and kidneys may become squeezed when the cervix expands. Due to the obstruction in urine flow,  you won’t be able to regulate your bladder. The sudden urge to urinate will occur in women with cervical cancer.

Abnormal pain or bleeding

Regular bleeding is the most typical symptom in female cervical cancer patients. Bleeding or pain is possible between menstrual cycles, after sex, or in postmenopausal women. You should see a doctor immediately if you suffer unusual discomfort or bleeding. In younger women, minor bleeding anomalies may be simple to overlook. 

Pain during sex

It should always be enjoyable to engage in sexual activity. However, discomfort during sex is considered a symptom during the late stages of cervical cancer. Many cervical cancer signs and symptoms frequently lead to something less serious. 

Abnormal discharge

Another alarming indicator of cervical cancer is an abnormal vaginal discharge. As cervix cancer spreads, the uterine wall cells start to exude a watery discharge. The release could have a yellowish, light, or brownish appearance and possibly contain blood. This mostly happens between your menstrual cycles and after menopause.

Urination discomfort

Urinary dysfunction or discomfort is frequently an indication of a bladder infection. Women are more likely than males to get urinary tract infections; many get them after a year or two. In other instances, discomfort while urination is a sign that your bladder is affected by cervical cancer. The urine may also contain a faint hint of blood. This is an obvious indicator of cervical cancer.

Cervical cancer screening & Benefits of early diagnosis

Among the most prevalent cancers in women, cervical cancer is becoming popular. However, routine screenings are crucial. The early identification of cervical cancer is greatly helped by routine screening. Consequently, it is among the simplest ways to survive cancer. Here are the key advantages of cervical cancer early detection. 

  • It’s curable

The most comforting news is that cervical cancer, unlike other malignancies, is treatable if found in its early stages. Screening is the best and most efficient way to find cervical cancer in its early stages. By getting routine pap smears, you can detect cervical cancer in its earliest stages, when it is still treatable. 

  • Prevent invasion

The phrase “invasion” indicates how cancer has started to expand outside other areas and harm organs, including the liver, bones, and lungs. At this point, the focus is mainly on symptom management and life extension by radiation and chemotherapy. You can avoid this illness with early cervical cancer screening and treatment. 

  • Diagnose before symptoms appear

It is one of the main arguments for early cervical cancer detection. When signs like bleeding, blood in vaginal secretions, and irritations during sexual activity start to show up, cancer has already spread. With early diagnoses, you avoid waiting for symptoms to manifest. 

  • Simpler treatments

Early cervical cancer identification has the significant benefit of making treatment more straightforward. The cervix can sometimes get removed. Others involve the removal of the uterus and cervix, which is the same as a hysterectomy. Additionally, doctors might advise only chemotherapy and radiation. 

Winding up

Cancer is a deadly disease that is killing millions nowadays, and it’s good to stay informed about the infection. Although there are various types of cancer, cervical cancer is the most common among women; if you are a woman worried about the killer disease, fear not. The information above lets you know the causes, symptoms, and even benefits of early detection.